The Decreto Flussi is a tool implemented by the Italian government to regulate the entry of non-EU citizens into Italy for work purposes. It determines the number of individuals who can come to Italy for different types of employment, including seasonal work, dependent work, and self-employment. The decree also sets forth the necessary requirements for entry and limitations on transferring residence permits. In this article, we will delve into the specifics of the Decreto Flussi for the year 2023, focusing on registration dates for Italian seasonal work and the required professions.
Non-EU Citizens for Work-related Reasons
The Inflow decree for 2023-2025, approved by the Italian government in October 2023, allows for a total of 136,000 entries into Italy for work-related reasons. This includes both non-seasonal and seasonal employment. The specific sectors that will be considered for non-seasonal secondary businesses this year are as follows:
- Road transportation of goods on behalf of third parties
- Construction sector
- Tourism and hotel sector
- Mechanical and engineering sector
- Telecommunications sector
- Food and shipbuilding sectors
- Passenger transportation sector
- Fishing sector
- Electrician sector
- Plumbing sector
To combat illegal immigration, preference will be given to citizens of countries that have agreements with Italy in these matters. Additionally, it is expected that 2,000 housing units will be created in 2023, with 1,900 allocated for dependent work and 100 for self-employment.
Quotas of Non-Seasonal Workers
The following quotas apply to non-seasonal workers for the year 2023:
- 25,000 individuals from countries including Albania, Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, India, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, and Ukraine, among others.
- 12,000 individuals from other countries with which Italy has cooperation agreements in the field of migration.
- 100 individuals with Italian ancestry from Venezuela (90 for dependent work and 10 for self-employment).
- 200 stateless or refugee individuals recognized by the UNHCR or competent authorities of first asylum or transit countries (180 for dependent work and 20 for self-employment).
- 9,500 individuals in the family and social healthcare sector who are self-employed.
- 500 foreign citizens residing abroad who are professional freelancers, famous artists, or novice creators.
Seasonal Work Opportunities
A significant number of individuals, totaling 82,500, will be accepted in Italy for seasonal, secondary work in agricultural, tourist, and hotel sectors in 2023. The eligibility criteria for seasonal workers are as follows:
- 8,000 seasonal workers from countries with which Italy has cooperation agreements in the years 2023-2025.
- 2,500 workers from states that actively support Italy’s campaigns against illegal immigration.
- 50 individuals recognized as stateless or refugees by the UNHCR or competent authorities of asylum or first transit countries.
- 2,000 foreign workers who have previously entered Italy for seasonal subordinate work and have applied for a multi-year permit.
- 40,000 individuals in the agricultural sector who have applied for an entry permit to work seasonally through professional organizations.
It is also worth mentioning that 30,000 seasonal workers will be accepted in the tourism sector in 2023.
Conversion to Residence Permits
Non-seasonal and seasonal workers have the option to convert their permits to residence permits for dependent or self-employed work, respectively. The following conversions are allowed:
- 4,000 units of residence permits for seasonal dependent work in 2023.
- 100 units of EU residence permits for long-term residents issued to third-country citizens from another EU member state working in secondary jobs.
- 50 units of EU residence permits for long-term residents issued to third-country citizens from another EU member state who are self-employed.
Applying for the Decreto Flussi
To apply for the Decreto Flussi, individuals must submit their applications online through the website AliSportello/ali/home.htm. It is essential to have SPID credentials to complete the application process.
For non-seasonal and seasonal dependent work, employers are responsible for submitting the applications. On the other hand, individuals holding the permits themselves must submit the applications for freelance work and transfers.
The application requires various details, including the worker’s place of residence in Italy and the necessary documents for work, such as contracts for dependent or seasonal workers or licenses for self-employed individuals. A license is a permit that allows freelancers to start their work.
Once submitted, the application will be received and reviewed by the Unified Office for Migration.
Approval and Visa Application
If the application for the nulla osta (the necessary approval for work) from the Sportello Unico is approved, individuals can proceed to apply for a visa at the Italian Embassy or consulate in their home country. It is crucial to note that the nulla osta is valid for six months, meaning that individuals must enter Italy and apply for a residence permit within this timeframe.
In the event of the application’s rejection, individuals will not be able to obtain a visa to enter Italy. It is not possible to submit the application twice in the same year, but individuals can attempt the following year if they meet the requirements outlined in the new Decreto Flussi.
For more information and assistance, individuals located in Italy can visit the offices of the Comune dealing with immigration or the local Patronato welfare offices. These offices can provide guidance and support in navigating the application process and addressing any concerns.
Benefits of Decreto Flussi 2023 for Foreign Workers
The Decreto Flussi 2023 program offers numerous benefits for foreign workers seeking seasonal work opportunities in Italy.
Firstly, the program provides a legal framework for foreign workers, ensuring they have full access to labor rights, social security, and health services. This helps protect workers from exploitation and provides a safe and secure environment for them to work in.
Secondly, working in Italy under the Decreto Flussi 2023 program provides foreign workers with the opportunity to gain valuable international experience and develop their professional skills. This can be particularly beneficial for individuals looking to further their careers and advance to higher-paying positions in the future.
Moreover, seasonal work in Italy can be a great way for foreign workers to experience Italian culture and learn the Italian language, fostering cultural exchange and enhancing personal growth.
Finally, the Decreto Flussi 2023 program enables foreign workers to contribute to the Italian economy by filling labor shortages in various industries and sectors. This, in turn, can generate positive impacts on both the economy and the overall well-being of Italian communities.
Impacts of Decreto Flussi 2023 on Italian Economy
The Decreto Flussi 2023 program has the potential to create significant impacts on the Italian economy.
“We need foreign workers in some sectors where we don’t have people,” said Italian Deputy Minister of Economic Development, Alessandra Todde.
The program enables employers to hire seasonal workers from outside the European Union (EU) to fill the labor gap in industries such as agriculture, hospitality, and tourism. By doing so, it tackles the issue of understaffing in these industries and helps to boost their productivity.
This, in turn, contributes to the growth of the Italian economy, particularly in areas where seasonal work is vital to economic sustainability. A study conducted by the Confederazione Italiana Agricoltori (CIA) estimated that the agricultural sector alone would lose over two billion euros without seasonal workers.
Moreover, the influx of foreign workers also increases consumer spending in the Italian economy. These workers often spend their earnings in local businesses, creating a ripple effect that contributes to the overall growth of the economy.
However, there are also concerns that the program may have negative impacts on the Italian economy. Critics argue that hiring non-EU workers over EU workers could lead to job losses for Italian citizens. Additionally, there are concerns that some foreign workers may be exploited and paid less than the minimum wage.
Therefore, it is crucial that the program is carefully regulated to ensure that it benefits the Italian economy and all workers involved.
What is the Decreto Flussi 2023 program?
The Decreto Flussi 2023 program is a scheme in Italy that allows foreign workers to obtain seasonal employment in specific sectors.
What are the registration dates for Decreto Flussi 2023?
The registration dates for Decreto Flussi 2023 vary each year. It is important to stay updated with the latest announcements from the relevant authorities.
Which professions are in demand under Decreto Flussi 2023?
The required professions under Decreto Flussi 2023 vary each year and depend on the needs of the Italian labor market. It is advisable to check the official announcements for the latest information.
How can I register for Decreto Flussi 2023?
To register for Decreto Flussi 2023, you will need to follow a step-by-step process provided by the relevant authorities. This process typically involves submitting an application, including the necessary documentation.
What are the benefits of Decreto Flussi 2023 for foreign workers?
Decreto Flussi 2023 offers several benefits to foreign workers, including the opportunity to gain valuable work experience, explore a new culture, and contribute to the Italian economy.
What impacts does Decreto Flussi 2023 have on the Italian economy?
Decreto Flussi 2023 can have positive impacts on the Italian economy by addressing labor shortages in specific industries, promoting economic growth, and fostering cultural exchange.
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